Sugar enhances the texture, flavour, and shelf-life of processed foods. The added sugar in processed foods is a mixture of simple sugars like glucose, fructose, and sucrose. Other types of sugars, like lactose, maltose, and galactose, are less common. Excessive consumption of sugar can lead to many harmful results. As a result, food labels indicate the presence of sugar and its daily value percentage to help consumers avoid excessive sugar consumption. However, there are so many different names for sugar, how can you make informed choices?
Here are the fifty-six different names for sugar that you should note.
Sucrose is the most common name for sugar, and it occurs naturally in many plants and fruits. It comprises 50% fructose and 50% glucose. Table sugar is also called sucrose. You can find sucrose in many processed foods, including pastries, soda, cookies, candy, ice cream, fruit juices, cereals, processed meat, canned fruits, and ketchup.
High fructose corn syrup (HFCS) is made from corn starch and consists of both glucose and fructose. Many sweeteners contain HFCS. The two most common forms of HFCS found in foods and beverages are
You can find HFCS in bread, cakes, ice cream, cereal bars, candy, and soda.
Agave nectar or syrup comes from the agave plant. Most people will use this as a healthier substitute for sugar because it doesn’t spike the blood sugar levels like other sugars. However, it contains between 70-90% fructose and 10-30% glucose.
You can find agave nectar or syrup in many healthy foods like fruit bars, cereal bars, and sweetened yoghurts.
These sugars contain both glucose and fructose but in varying degrees. They include:
These sugars are made up of either pure glucose or glucose combined with other sugars asides fructose. They include:
There are two sugars that contain only fructose, and they are used as sweeteners.
These sugars are less sweet and not as common as their counterparts, but you Can find them in some sweeteners.
Sugar occurs naturally in vegetables, fruits, and dairy products. As a result, you cannot altogether avoid sugar in your diet, even if you tried. It is safe to consume naturally occurring sugars in whole foods. The health problems associated with sugar consumption is due to the massive amounts of added sugar in processed foods.
If you choose to buy packaged foods, be on the lookout for these sugars and their daily percentage value. Or better still, switch to eating healthy, whole foods.
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