parallax background

How To Prepare Shito (Ghanaian Hot Sauce)

Ewa Agoyin
How To Prepare Ewa Agoyin
March 21, 2017
How To Prepare Gizdodo
March 21, 2017

How To Prepare Shito (Ghanaian Hot Sauce)

Shito is a particularly popular condiment in Ghana. Shito means “spicy” in Ga, one of the languages spoken in Accra, Ghana.

The dark brown colour of the Ghanaian-thick sauce is very appetizing and presages deliciously spicy flavours.

Shito can also be used to marinate meats or fish, can be used as a vinaigrette, spread, topping for barbecue dishes or dip for French fries. It is not uncommon to find it on a cheese board instead of the usual chutneys.

Shito can be used in place of hot sauces. It is also used in fish and seafood soups as well as in rice dishes as a natural flavour enhancer.

Shito can be made in a variety of ways and every household has its recipe. It goes well with both fish and meat and can be served as a side to most dishes such as waakye, kenkey, white rice, as a dip, topping and much more. It can also be eaten simply with bread or spring rolls.

It is made with peppers, fish, ginger, garlic, onions, oil, spices and others. These ingredients are usually blended and cooked in oil until the sauce forms.

Shito can be either coarse and full of body or smooth, and medium – or extra – hot depending on how much chilli you use, and this is how you’ll find it labelled on supermarket and African grocery shelves.


  • Habanero peppers (4 small)
  • Tomato paste (5-6 tbsps)
  • Dried chili flakes (125 grams)
  • Black pepper (1 tbsp)
  • Broken dried fish (1 cup)
  • Crayfish powder (8 tbsps)
  • Onions(3 large)
  • Vegetable oil (2 cups)
  • Garlic cloves (4)
  • Peeled ginger root(4-7)
  • Thyme (1 tbsp) optional
  • Chicken stock (100 ml)
  • Salt to taste


Get your ingredients together.

Step 1

Heat a heavy-based saucepan, then add the oil and fry the ginger and onions over medium heat until brown but not burnt.

Remove from heat and strain the onions and ginger.

Step 2

Blend the fried onion and ginger with some of the oil used in frying, the broken dried fish, tomato paste, habanero, and garlic.

Step 3

Add the blended mix, thyme, and black pepper, then fry together for a few minutes.

Add chicken stock until the mixture has formed a thick paste.

Add the chilli flakes and continue cooking and stirring for a further 10 minutes.

Finally, add the crayfish powder, then cook over low heat for 30 minutes, stirring almost continuously to prevent the mixture from sticking to the base of the pan.

The oil will rise to the surface when the sauce is ready. Taste and adjust the seasoning, if necessary.

Step 4

Leave to cool, then spoon into sterilised jars. There should be plenty of oil on top of the sauce once it’s cooked, so make sure there is a layer about 1cm (1/2 inch) thick in each jar.

Seal the jars and store in the fridge for up to a month.

Spread the love
BeYAH Fitness
BeYAH Fitness
BeYAH Fitness was born out of a desire to reach, educate and inspire a greater number of people than those we coached and worked within our own local community. It gives us the chance to connect with individuals from all over the world and in a form that still personalizes the approach to bring each person what they need for their nutrition at that point in time.