Eating disorders are various psychological conditions, which lead to unhealthy habits.  Typically, such habits begin with over obsessing over food and body image.

Also, Eating disorders can become severe and even lead to death, once they are left untreated.

There are different kinds of symptoms when it comes to eating disorders. Some of the common symptoms include severe restriction of food and binge eating. While other behaviors include over-exercising and vomiting after eating.


Who Can be affected by eating disorders?

Contrary to general belief, eating disorders can affect both men and women of any age grade. But most reports of eating disorders involve young women and adolescents.

What are the causes of eating disorders?

Research shows that eating disorders can be caused by different kinds of factors. One factor involves genetics. There is evidence, that shows that it can be hereditary.

Individual personality traits, such as perfectionism, neuroticism, or being impulsive have also been linked to suffering from an eating disorder.

Exposure to certain ideas on the media and cultural preferences to be thin also often influences and causes eating disorders.

Cultures who haven´t been exposed to the ideal of thinness by the Western world, don´t develop eating disorders at all. This has been confirmed by some studies.

Recent research shows that biology and our brain structure might also play a factor. Where brain messengers, such as serotonin and dopamine and its levels in a person also play a role.

What Are Some Of The Most Common Eating Disorder Types?

Anorexia nervosa is believed to be the most well-known eating disorder, which typically develops during young adulthood. The disorder is most common in women than in men.

People who suffer from anorexia nervosa see themselves as being overweight, even if this is not the case at all. They over-obsess with their weight and they severely restrict their calorie intake.

Some symptoms of anorexia nervosa include being underweight and having an intense fear of gaining weight.  Coupled with restricted eating patterns and an overall distorted body image.

Those suffering from this eating disorder typically have an issue with eating in public. This makes them want to continuously control their environment and they limit all possibilities of being spontaneous.

There are two types of anorexia, the restricting one, and the binge eating and purging one.

Those who suffer from the restricting type tend to lose weight through over-exercising, dieting, or fasting. Those who suffer from binge eating and purging anorexia nervosa, eat large amounts of food and vomit. They also take laxatives or exercise afterward.

The Effects of Eating Disorders

Anorexia can have many damaging effects on the body. When left untreated, it can lead to infertility, thinning of the bones, brittle hair, and nails. It can cause the growth of fine hair all over the body.

In its most severe cases, anorexia can lead to multiple organs failing and can result in death. Bulimia nervosa is another eating disorder common in early adulthood for men than in women.

Bulimia leads to eating large amounts of food until the person feels painful fullness. It is something that people who suffer from bulimia cannot control. They simply cannot stop eating. However, people tend to vomit or over-exercise after this binge eating, to maintain their low weight.

People who suffer from bulimia are less likely to become underweight. But they tend to suffer from tooth decay, irritation of the gut, dehydration, and hormonal disturbances. Also, they will likely suffer from swollen salivary glands, and an inflamed and sore throat.

Some symptoms of bulimia include binge eating episodes one has no control over. Low self-esteem, which is solely judged by body shape and weight and constant fear of gaining weight.

READ ALSO: 5 Reasons Why You Should Get Rid Of Belly Fat

Consequences of Untreated Eating Disorders

Severe cases of bulimia can lead to an imbalance of important electrolytes, such as calcium, potassium, and sodium. This imbalance eventually can cause a heart attack or a stroke when untreated.

Binge eating disorder also typically starts during early adulthood, but it can also develop later on in life. People suffering from binge eating disorders tend to eat large amounts of food within a short period.

They cannot control themselves during these binges. Those who binge eat don´t use any purging behaviors afterward such as vomiting or exercising excessively.

Some symptoms of binge eating disorder include eating large amounts of food uncontrollably, despite being full. Coupled with a feeling of shame, guilt, or disgust.

Those who suffer from binge eating disorder are typically overweight or obese. Due to the excess weight, the condition can lead to type 2 diabetes, heart conditions, and strokes.

Purging disorder, night eating syndrome, and other specified feeding disorders are the three major categories of eating disorders.

Those who suffer from purging disorder use purging behaviors, such as vomiting and laxatives, but they do not binge eat. Individuals who suffer from night eating syndrome eat excessively, often as soon as they wake up.

Other specified feeding or eating disorders include eating disorders that don´t fit into any of the previously mentioned categories. One example of other specified feeding or eating disorders is orthorexia.

What Should Persons Who Suffer From Eating Disorders Do?

People who suffer from orthorexia obsess over food so much, that their daily lives become highly affected by it.

They eliminate some food groups because they feel that they are unhealthy. Doing this can lead to severe weight loss, malnutrition, issues with eating in public and emotional distress.

Orthorexia patients do not eliminate some foods to lose weight, rather they obsess over complying with their own diet rules. Their self-worth, satisfaction, and identity depend on how well they can stick to these self-imposed diet rules.

Eating disorders are psychological issues, which require treatment. All eating disorders can cause severe damage to the body and mind when they´re left untreated. People suffering from eating disorders find it difficult to seek treatment on their own. They often live in self-denial.

If you or your loved one is suffering from an eating disorder, it is important to speak up. A health practitioner who is a specialist in handling eating disorder cases is in the best position to help.

Lastly, please don’t forget to share this article with your friends. Also, like our Facebook Page to get more informative health tips and updates.

November 28, 2020

Tips To Enjoy A Healthy And Fit Holiday

It is November and we can already taste the Christmas and end of the year holiday vibes in the air. History has shown that the holidays are when people’s fitness goals falter the most. There are people to meet, activities to plan, different foods to taste, so it's understandable. However, this year can be different.
November 25, 2020

The Top 5 Worst Foods For Your Teeth

Sugary foods can cause the bacteria in plaque to release acids that attack the tooth enamel. Once the enamel is weakened or damaged, cavities can form. Cavities cause complications like chewing problems, pain, and tooth abscesses.
November 24, 2020

Top 9 Benefits Of Getting A Workout Partner

The right workout partner could be the difference between mediocre and incredible results, as well as failure and success. They can help you tap into your energy reserves and push through your workout.
November 23, 2020

How To Get Back On Track After A Fitness Break

The most important thing is to try to get back on track after you take a fitness break. Getting back on track after a fitness break can be hard. You have lost all the progress you made before and have to work extra hard to get your body back into the zone.  Here are a few tips to get you back on track.
November 23, 2020

7 Best Foods To Help Boost Immunity

One of those is the ability to boost your immunity. Your immune system is always active, trying to figure out what cells belong to your body and expelling the foreign cells. It needs all the help it can get to continue to function optimally.
November 2, 2020
body detox

5 Easy Ways To Help Your Body Detox

Detox is a popular word used in many FAD diets. They promise that a full body detox will burn fat faster. Some of these "detoxes" involve special products. Fortunately, the body already has a system for detoxification and does not require special products or supplements.
November 1, 2020

5 Training Mistakes That Affect Your Fitness Progress

Not to worry, everyone makes one of those – newbie or gym rat. However, it is time to take note of those training mistakes and make changes. Find out more in this blog.
October 31, 2020

7 Bad Habits That Are Dangerous To Your Health

Many of us, if not all, are guilty of this particular bad habit. Certainly, very few have considered that such a seemingly harmless act can cause stroke or paralysis. In addition to cracking your neck, here are other bad habits with damning health implications that you probably have.
October 30, 2020
emotional eating

5 Easy Ways To Stop Emotional Eating

To tackle emotional eating, you need to identify situations that trigger it. Unpleasant emotions are usually the triggers for emotional eating. However, positive emotions like rewarding yourself to celebrate an event can also trigger emotional eating.
October 11, 2020
Jogging man on a fitness journey

5 Tips To Help You Begin Your Fitness Journey

The hardest part about undergoing a fitness journey has to be biting the bullet and making the first move. The benefits of living a healthy and fit lifestyle far outweigh whatever challenges that you may face on your fitness journey.
April 23, 2020
Eating Disorders

Eating Disorders That Affect Our Health and Productivity

Eating disorders are various psychological conditions, which lead to unhealthy habits. Typically, such habits begin with over obsessing over food and body image.
April 24, 2020
intuitive eating

Intuitive Eating: All You Need To Know

Intuitive eating is a way of nutrition, which bases its philosophy on you being the expert of your own body and hunger signals. It is […]
April 26, 2020
Healthy relationships

Healthy Relationships: Building a Healthy for a Happy Life

A healthy relationship is not about perfection but bringing ourselves to the realization that we can better improve ourselves by cultivating the right habits.
April 27, 2020
Fruits for Weight Loss

Healthy Fruits for Weight Loss in Nigeria

There are different fruits you can take in Nigeria to help you lose weight. These fruits are actually tied to weight loss, not weight gain. Some of these fruits contain carbs, natural sugar and others which helps to keep our body healthy
April 28, 2020
Personal grooming

Personal Grooming

Mindset is everything. Once you are knowledgeable in things that you know has a part to play concerning you, you can always strive to groom yourself into a better version of yourself.
May 2, 2020
holistic weight loss

What Exactly is Holistic Weightloss? Myth Busters

Holistic weight loss is applying natural ways and techniques of holistic means to lose weight. These are usually incorporated into our daily diets and they play more role than to just lose weight naturally. They help to keep you relaxed, happy and active and also make you sleep well at night.
May 3, 2020
Mental health

Covid-19: Protecting Your Mental Health During The Lockdown

With the uncertainty and implications that come with both the outbreak of the disease and the lockdown, it is important that you learn how to look after your mental health during the lockdown.
May 13, 2020
too much fiber can upset your digestive system

7 Best Foods To Help You Cope With Stress

Fiber-rich foods are helpful in the gut and play a role in lowering stress levels. A review published in the journal Nutritional Neuroscience shows that diets rich in fiber may reduce anxiety, stress, and depression. Some Nigerian foods rich in fiber include carrots, apples, beans, oats, Abacha, rice, maize/corn, Fufu, sweet potatoes, avocados, and spinach.
May 13, 2020
Not losing weight

Top 5 Reasons Why You’re Not Losing Weight

We tend to overestimate how much calories we burn when we exercise and underestimate how much calories we consume, especially with those bite-sized treats. It is crucial to ensure that you are not overcompensating, so you don’t halt your weight loss progress.